All About Uterine Rupture, Complications During Childbirth Due to Tearing of the Uterus
The smooth delivery process accompanied by the birth of a healthy baby is the desire of all mothers. But sometimes, giving birth to a healthy baby may not be accompanied by a smooth delivery. Yes, this means that there can be complications that arise during the birth process. One thing that might happen is uterine rupture aka a torn uterus.
Not only dangerous for the mother, the occurrence of uterine rupture during childbirth can also threaten the health of the baby. In order to prevent this risk, consider the full review of the torn uterus below.
What is uterine rupture?
A uterine tear or in medical terms is called uterine rupture is a condition that occurs when there is a tear in the uterine wall.
As the name implies, complications of childbirth this one can make the entire lining of the uterine lining torn so that it endangers the health of the mother and baby.
Did not rule out, uterine rupture can cause severe bleeding in the mother and baby who are stuck in the uterus. Even so, the risk of a torn uterus during labor is very small.
This figure ranges from less than 1 percent or only 1 in 3 women who are at risk of uterine rupture during childbirth. Complications of childbirth rupture usually occur during normal delivery or through the vagina.
The risk also increases for those of you who undergo normal childbirth after a caesarean. Yes, vaginal birth after a caesarean (VBAC) or known as a normal birth after a caesarean can increase your risk of uterine rupture.
The chance of a torn uterus can increase every time you undergo a caesarean and then switch to a normal delivery. That is why doctors are generally more likely to advise pregnant women to avoid vaginal delivery if they have had a cesarean before.
However, that does not mean there is absolutely no chance for pregnant women to give birth normally after a previous caesarean. However, not all conditions in a woman’s body allow her to have a normal delivery if she had previously given birth by cesarean section.
The doctor will consider and determine the choice of the best delivery method according to your health condition and the baby in the womb. It is important to understand, uterine rupture is a very rare complication of childbirth.
Especially if you have never given birth by caesarean section before, undergoing surgery on the uterus, or experiencing a torn uterus. The risk of experiencing uterine rupture during normal childbirth is certainly very small.
Although most uterine ruptures usually occur during labor, this condition can also develop before labor.
What are the symptoms of uterine rupture during childbirth?
Uterine rupture or tears in the uterus usually begin to appear at the beginning of labor. Furthermore, the tear can progressively develop as normal labor progresses.
The doctor may be aware of the initial symptoms of uterine rupture due to abnormalities in the baby’s heartbeat in the womb. Not only that, the mother will also experience symptoms such as severe stomach pain, vaginal bleeding, to pain in the chest.
You can feel chest pain due to diaphragmatic irritation due to internal bleeding. On this basis, the condition of pregnant women and their babies undergoing a normal delivery after having previously had a cesarean section must continue to be considered.
The monitoring carried out by the doctor and the medical team aims to detect if dangerous complications arise. That way, medical treatment can be done as quickly as possible.
Overall, the following are various symptoms when the mother experiences uterine rupture or the uterus tears during labor:
Excessive amount of vaginal bleeding.
Severe pain arises between contractions during normal childbirth.
The strength of contractions during childbirth tends to slow down, weaken, and be less intense.
Unusual abdominal pain or pain.
The baby’s head stops in the birth canal when released through the vagina.
Sudden pain arises from a previous caesarean section in the uterus.
Muscle strength in the uterus disappears.
Mother’s heartbeat changes faster.
Low maternal blood pressure.
Abnormal baby’s heartbeat.
Normal delivery does not develop.
What causes uterine rupture during childbirth?