What is the normal childbirth process by vacuum?
Maybe the use of vacuum looks a bit scary because the device is inserted into your vagina. But before imagining further, this is the process of giving birth normally with the help of a vacuum extractor:
Before using vacuum
Various methods and other alternatives will be tried by doctors and medical teams first before finally deceiving the use of vacuum.
Starting from the use of the drug Pitocin through infusion as an induction of childbirth, or making a vaginal scissors incision (episiotomy) to facilitate the release of the baby.
If various methods have been done but vacuum delivery is considered the best choice, the doctor will convey this decision to you. Ask all information, including risks and alternatives to using this vacuum delivery device.
Usually, if labor does not go through development despite vacuum, a caesarean section will be the last resort.
During vacuum use
As with normal childbirth, you will also be asked to lie down with your legs spread wide. To be stronger and more powerful when contracting, you can hold both sides of the bed or other place that feels more comfortable.
The doctor will then insert a vaginal delivery device into your vagina, and attach it to the baby’s head. Furthermore, the vacuum pump is activated so that the withdrawal can be carried out and the baby’s head can immediately come out through the vagina.
The procedure will continue to be repeated every time you contract, by increasing the pressure gradually. While between contractions, the pressure on the vacuum giving birth will be reduced.
After the baby’s body is successfully removed, the doctor then removes the vacuum device to give birth from his head. In some cases, the use of a vacuum gave birth is not always successful.
If this happens, doctors and the medical team can immediately make a final alternative, namely by caesarean section.
After vacuum use
All vacuum births are now complete. However, it does not stop here. Doctors and medical teams will still do their job to check for possible injury to you and your baby due to vacuum use.
If the doctor has previously done vaginal scissors to facilitate the labor process, this part will be sewn back after finishing delivery. The doctor will also conduct further tests to find signs of complications due to vacuum extraction.
Is there a risk of giving birth by vacuum?
As with various other medical procedures, the use of childbirth vacuum also has risks behind it. For you, the following risks of a vaginal delivery may occur:
Pain in the tissue between the vagina and the anus (perineum) after childbirth.
Difficulty urinating for a while.
Urinary incontinence or feces. Conditions when it is difficult to control the urge to urinate or defecate, so that it can come out suddenly accidentally.
As mentioned earlier, the doctor may make an incision between the vagina and anus (vaginal scissors). It aims to facilitate the entry of a vaginal delivery device and the process of expending a baby.
Meanwhile, the various risks of vacuum childbirth in infants include:
There is a wound on the scalp.
The baby is at risk of developing dystocia, or one of the baby’s shoulders is still inside the vagina when the head is out of the vagina. This condition is also called a stalled labor.
Skull fracture or crack on the skull head.
Bleeding inside the skull.
However, you don’t need to worry because there is rarely any serious injury to the baby after vacuum extraction.
Especially if done in the right procedure, the risk that may arise from giving birth by vacuum can be smaller.